Thrissur is the third largest city in Kerala and of immense cultural and economic interest within the region. It is one of the oldest cities in Kerala with remarkable monuments and artefacts dating back to prehistoric times. It is a confluence of many religions and is often described as the cultural capital of Kerala. Thrissur is situated about 86 km northeast of Kochi and 300 km north of Thiruvananthapuram. This city has many important religious sites for Hindus, Catholics, and Muslims. A prominent attraction in Thrissur is the Vadakkumnathan temple which is considered to be one of the most important temples of Shaivism in India. The temple is perched on an empty hillock known as the Thekkinkadu Maidan around which the city of Thrissur was built. Thrissur derives its name from the very temple which roughly translates to mean Lord Shiva’s big town. It is also famous for Our Lady of Lourdes Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, which is sacred to Syrian Christians based in India. Even For Vaishnavas, the Guruvayur temple within this city is an important and holy site. Due to the confluence of many cultures, this city has a rich heritage and has much to offer to visitors.
Best Time To Visit Thrissur
Thrissur has a mostly uniformed climate throughout the year where temperatures don’t change too much. The best time to visit however in terms of temperature and rainfall being low is from October to February. However, here are no distinct seasons and the average temperature of this city, both for the highs and lows remains constant throughout the year.
How To Reach
Thrissur has good bus connectivity to many smaller cities nearby and also to Kochi, which is the nearest hub. However, buses to Thrissur are also available from major cities close by such as Chennai, Bangalore, Madurai, Coimbatore, Trivandrum and others. Most of these buses are AC buses which charge anywhere between 800 to 1500 rupees depending on the distance travelled. Some of the major bus operators are Parveen Travels, Kallada Travels, Greenline Kerala, Citi Tours and many others. KSRTC also has many buses plying from other cities of the state to Thrissur as well with AC as well as non-AC options. AC buses from Kochi airport to Thrissur are also readily available.
Thrissur railway station is a busy train station serviced by many trains and by train traffic alone, is the busiest station in Kerala. Many trains on the Cochin route pass through and thus have stopped here. Express trains from major cities such as Hyderabad, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai, and Delhi pass through here including passenger trains to smaller towns nearby, within the state of Kerala.
History Of Thrissur
A lot of evidence of human settlements in the areas in and around Thrissur, dating back to the early stone ages has been found. Many monolithic structures have also been unearthed in this area. Earliest recorded evidence of this region is found in the Sangam era literature, which is around the 4th century BC under the Chera Dynasty, who ruled much of the area now within the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. After the fall of the Cheras, Thrissur and the areas around it came under the rule of the Kingdom of Cochin and later the Zamorins of Calicut. Their rule went on till the 15 to 16th centuries when the Portuguese came into the fray. However, the Portuguese were overthrown by the Dutch, who helped the Cochin Royal Family recapture Thrissur In 1710. The rise in importance of Thrissur as a temple city happened under the rule of Sakthan Thampuran, who was one the kings of this dynasty. However, Thrissur was attacked by the Sultans of Mysore multiple times in the late 18th century. The later kings of Cochin became subsidiaries of the British Empire which remained this way till the state of Kerala was formed post independence.
Culture Of Thrissur
Thrissur has a rich historical and cultural heritage as it has been influenced and enriched by both Indian sources as well as European and Arab sources during medieval and colonial times. Puli Kali also known as Kaduvakali is the body painting art form which is practised here and often showcased during festivals such as Onam. Another cultural hub of Thrissur is the Indian coffee house which was established in 1958. There are many renowned Art colleges in Thrissur such as the Kerala Sangeetha Nataka Academy as well the Kerala Sahitya Academy. This city also hosts its own film festival which is the Thrissur International Film Festival among many other cultural events throughout the year. One of the biggest annual attractions in Thrissur is the Thrissur Pooram where decorated elephants march through the city to the Vadakkunnathan Temple.